Evidence from PRE-CLINICAL studies suggests THC, CBD and nabiximols improve multiple sclerosis (MS) associated symptoms of tremor, spasticity and inflammation. Has the utility of cannabinoids for MS symptoms been evaluated in CLINICAL STUDIES?
Yes. -the available evidence from CLINICAL studies suggest marijuana (limited evidence) and certain cannabinoids (dronabinol, nabiximols (Sativex), THC/CBD) are associated with some measure of improvement in some MS symptoms and spinal cord injury (SCI), including spasticity, spasms, pain, sleep and symptoms of bladder dysfunction.
Available evidence from human clinical studies suggests that marijuana (limited evidence) and prescription cannabinoid-based medicines (dronabinol) may increase appetite and caloric intake, and promote weight gain in patients with HIV/AIDS. Has the use of cannabinoid-based medicines in cancer or anorexia nervosa been evaluated, too?
Yes. The evidence for dronabinol is mixed and effects modest for patients with cancer and weak for patients with anorexia nervosa.
Evidence from observational studies and clinical studies suggests that marijuana (limited evidence) and prescription cannabinoids (e.g. dronabinol, nabilone, or nabiximols) may be useful in alleviating one or several co-occurring symptoms often experienced by patients in the palliative care setting. What are some of these palliative care setting symptoms?
These symptoms may include, but are not limited to, intractable nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy or radiotherapy, anorexia/cachexia, severe intractable pain, severe depressed mood and anxiety, and insomnia. Also, a limited number of observational studies suggest that the use of cannabinoids in the palliative care setting may be associated with a decrease in the number of some medications used by palliative care patients.
PRE-CLINICAL studies show that certain cannabinoids (THC, CBD, THCV, CBDV) and cannabinoid acids (THCA and CBDA) suppress acute nausea and vomiting. Do PRE-CLINICAL studies also show that those same cannabinoids and cannabinoid acids suppress anticipatory nausea?
Yes. In addition, there is limited evidence from CLINICAL studies that suggests that the use of certain cannabinoids and cannabis may provide relief from chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV).
What is Rimonabant (Acomplia® from Sanofi-Aventis)?
Rimonabant was an appetite supressant and was used to treat obesity. Its mechanism of action involved selective CB1 receptor antagonism, resulting in the inhibition of 2- arachidonoylglycerol activity and a decrease hunger. The drug had been approved in Brazil in 2007 but was suspended worldwide in 2008 because of significant side effects, including suicidal ideation.
SOUZA, A. A. F. de; SILVA , A. F. M. da .; ABREU , L. R. de .; SILVA, T. F. da .; GRECO, G. .; SANTOS, S. da S. .; GONZAGA, R. V. Medicinal uses of Cannabis sp. . Research, Society and Development, [S. l.], v. 10, n. 7, p. e58010716930, 2021. DOI: 10.3344